More than one million Palestinians were registered to vote for candidates to about 300 municipal councils
Palestinians in the occupied West Bank voted on Saturday in municipal elections that underscored deep rifts between President Mahmoud Abbas's Fatah party and Islamist rival Hamas, which runs the Gaza Strip.
Their failure to reconcile is seen as a major obstacle to any settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The West Bank and Gaza have not taken part in an election together since 2006, when Hamas swept Palestinian parliamentary polls, sparking a conflict that led to near civil war in Gaza the following year.
The international community refused to deal with any government in which Hamas participated until it renounced violence and recognised Israel and past peace agreements.
Escalating tensions between Hamas and Fatah led to Hamas's seizure of Gaza in 2007, while Abbas's party was left with control of the West Bank.
Voting for around 300 municipal councils opened at 7am Saturday at dozens of schools across the West Bank, which has been occupied by Israel for half a century. Polls are due to close at 7pm.
"It's important that everyone has a say" but also that those elected "assume the responsibility given to them," said Rami Nazal, a UN employee who voted in Ramallah, the seat of the Palestinian Authority.
More than a million Palestinians were registered to choose from among 4,400 candidates standing in a vote that is seen as yet another sign that reconciliation may be a long way off.
Even so, "municipal elections are better than nothing" in a country where "the situation is unlike anywhere else in the world," said Zina Masri, who voted before going to work.
Abbas, whose term was meant to end in 2009 but who has remained in office, has grown unpopular among Palestinians, but he remains their leader in the eyes of the world.
He met US President Donald Trump in Washington on 4 May and is expected to do so again when Trump travels to the Middle East later this month.
Hamas meanwhile is considered a terrorist group by Israel and much of the West despite recent attempts by the movement to soften its image.